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第12巻(2017) >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10087/11192

Title: Using Literature to Improve Empathy Among In-training Healthcare Professionals: A Questionnaire Study
Other Titles: 医療系学生の共感力を高める文学教材の可能性
Authors: Ubukawa, Emiko
鵜生川, 恵美子
Keywords: content analysis
English as a Foreign Language classroom
in-training healthcare professionals
vicarious experiences
Issue Date: Mar-2017
Publisher: 群馬県立県民健康科学大学
Citation: 群馬県立県民健康科学大学紀要12,33-43,2017
Abstract: Objective: Literature has been utilized as teaching material in both medical and nursing education in the U.S.and U.K.for in-training healthcare professionals to grow personally and/or to enhance their empathy. In English as a Foreign Language (EFL) settings also, literature has been regarded as effective learning material that enhances students'empathy as well as language ability. These trends lead us to believe that literature in an EFL classroom is a potentially powerful tool as learning material for Japanese in-training healthcare professionals. The aims of this paper are to clarify what a reading course with a medically-themed novel could bring students based on findings obtained through content analysis, and to then show the significance of literature contributing to improved empathy among students in an EFL classroom. Methods : A descriptive questionnaire was conducted with 98students who wrote what their thoughts changed after reading the medically-themed target literature. Content analysis according to Berelson was used for data collection and analysis. Results : Analysis of the students'comments revealed eight categories : "attitudes toward the way of living and death and/or dying,""the way of reading English novels,""motivations for reading English books and learning English,""understanding the feelings of patients and the people around them, and attitudes toward both of them,""attitudes toward cross-cultural understanding,""interest in movies," and "understanding medical things such as diseases." Conclusions : The use of literature in the reading course brought about positive changes in students in terms of language, culture and personal growth, and most importantly, nourished the students'empathy, which is required both in medical professions and in the EFL classroom.
Description: Reports
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10087/11192
ISSN: 1881-0691
Appears in Collections:第12巻(2017)

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