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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10087/12510

Title: Frequently Observed Grammatical Errors of Japanese EFL Learners: Their Theoretical Implications
Authors: YAMADA, Toshiyuki
Keywords: grammatical errors
error analysis
Japanese EFL learners
free writing tasks
cross-linguistic differences
Issue Date: 31-Jan-2019
Publisher: 群馬大学教育学部
Citation: 群馬大学教育学部紀要. 人文・社会科学編. 2019, 68, p.129-140
Abstract: This preliminary study investigates what grammatical errors are most frequently observed in Japanese EFL (English as a Foreign Language) learners even after the six years of English learning. By a series of free writing tasks, 2691 English sentences were collected from 28 Japanese EFL learners. We identified 882 grammatical errors in the dataset with respect to five major types: determiner, preposition, subject-verb agreement for be-verbs, subject-verb agreement for general verbs, and number agreement within a noun phrase. The ratios of the number of grammatical errors to that of obligatory contexts in which those particular grammatical items must occur were 61.1%, 10.9%, 2.6%, 5.7%, and 18.2%, respectively. There are three major findings: (i) Japanese EFL learners make errors in the determiner most frequently, (ii) they make errors in subject-verb agreement more frequently for general verbs compared to be-verbs, and (iii) they make errors in the determiner more often compared to agreement. Their theoretical implications are discussed.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10087/12510
ISSN: 0386-4294
Appears in Collections:第68巻(2019)

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