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群馬県立県民健康科学大学(Gunma Prefectural College of Health Sciences ) >
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群馬県立県民健康科学大学紀要 >
第15巻(2020) >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10087/12973

Title: 日本の児童文学における「死」の表象とスピリチュアリティ―スピリチュアルケアにおける絵本活用の可能性の一考察―
Other Titles: Representation of Death and Spirituality in Japanese Children’s Literature: Possibilities for Use of Picture Books in Spiritual Care
Authors: 鵜生川, 恵美子
Ubukawa, Emiko
中西, 陽子
Nakanishi, Yoko
Keywords: 日本の絵本

スピリチュアリティ
スピリチュアルケア
Japanese picture books
death
spirituality
spiritual care
Issue Date: Mar-2020
Publisher: 群馬県立県民健康科学大学
Citation: 群馬県立県民健康科学大学紀要15, 57-72. (2020)
Abstract: 目的:日本の絵本において「死」及び「スピリチュアリティ」はどのように表現され,捉えられているかを分析し,スピリチュアルケアにおける絵本活用の可能性を考察する. 方法:Krippendorff, Kの内容分析の手法を用いて,1967年から2016年に発刊された「死」をテーマとした53冊の絵本における「死」及び「スピリチュアリティ」に関する記述について分析した. 結果:54作品はA「死者との共在感」B「超越的存在の探求」C「輪廻転生」D「死の教育的示唆」の四つに分類された.これらの死をテーマとした絵本の多くは,死は完全な消滅ではなく,亡くなった人との関係性の継続を強調しており,死に逝く人及び死別を経験した人が共に,安心した気持ちで死後の世界へ関心を向け,死を受け入れる一助となっている. 結論:このような絵本を,スピリチュアルケアにおいて活用することは,死に伴う悲しみや苦しみを緩和させ,肯定的に死と生を受け入れるよう促すという点で可能である.
Objectives: The objective of this paper is to determine how death and spirituality are represented in death-themed Japanese picture books published between 1967 and 2016, and if these books are potentially utilized in spiritual care to support both children and adults who are faced with their own death or who are grieving loved ones. Methods: We investigated 53 picture books, which were gathered through an Internet search or from local libraries. Krippendorf’s content analysis method was used for the analysis. Results: Descriptive expressions about death and spirituality obtained from 53 picture books were divided into the following four categories showing ways the deceased are depicted: A) existence of being together, B) supernatural existence in another world (i.e., afterlife), C) existence of reincarnation, and D) educational suggestions about death. Data analysis of death-themed picture books showed that most of these books emphasize that death is not complete disappearance of the person and that there is a continued relationship between the deceased and the living. Moreover, such books potentially help both the dying and those grieving loved ones believe that the deceased exist in another world or are near to them even if they are not visible, thus providing relief. Conclusion: These findings indicate that death-themed picture books are possibly effective and powerful tools to help both children and adults alleviate their grief and think positively about life and death as part of spiritual care.
Description: 報告
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10087/12973
ISSN: 1881-0691
Appears in Collections:第15巻(2020)

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