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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10087/4834

Title: Risk Information and Risk Communication for Hazard Loss-Reduction in Caribbean Multicultural societies.
Authors: Virginia I. Clerveaux
Keywords: Risk Communication
Disaster Awareness
Multiculturalism
Hazard Management
Children
Game Technique
Tsunami Model
Issue Date: Mar-2009
Abstract: The issue of effectively communicating disaster risk within the context of multicultural and multilingual societies is an emergent paradigm in disaster risk reduction. The need for this new focus is largely informed by a globalization process that is not only characterized by freedom of international trade but increasingly, by regional economic and political integration initiatives that facilitates increased migration to and domicile in foreign countries, by different cultural and lingual groups. The resultant multiculturalism and multilingualism has produced a new challenge for disaster and emergency managers who are bounded by international protocol to provide equitable access to disaster risk information by all persons within their jurisdictions. The high vulnerability of Caribbean countries to multiple hazards and sometimes to multiple exposures is underscored and as the regions further cements its political and economic integration movement through the creation of the Caribbean Single Market and Economy (CSME), the multicultural and multilingual disaster risk reduction issues that pertain globally, have now become relevant to the Caribbean region. It is in that regard that the region’s disaster management community is being increasingly challenged to provide disaster risk information not only to different cultural and lingual groups but different social and demographic groups as well. In essence therefore, there is a dire need in the Caribbean to develop communication strategies and techniques that allow equitable access to risk information in multicultural and multilingual societies as well as cater to the information needs of different social and demographic groups, such as children. The Tsunami Scenario Simulation Model (TSSM) and the Disaster Awareness Game (DAG) which are the central theme of this thesis were designed and are being proposed as viable strategies for addressing the emergent disaster riskcommunication needs of the Caribbean region. The TSSM was designed to provide equitable access to disaster risk information for rapid-onset events, such as tsunamis, in a multicultural and multilingual setting. It was conceptualized and developed to address the challenges of effective dissemination of disaster information in societies characterized by increasing levels of multiculturalism and is based on data for the island of Providenciales in the Turks and Caicos Islands (TCI). The Model is intended to be more than a platform for effective communication of disaster information but in addition can be used in the assessment of disaster risk, evacuation planning and providing disaster managers with empirical data on the relationship between timely provision of disaster risk information and the effectiveness of risk-reduction responses. The DAG was designed to evaluate, compare and promote disaster awareness among all social groups but particularly among children. Generally, children account for the greatest proportion of casualties from hazard impacts, especially in developing countries where they comprise the largest percentage of total population. This disproportionate vulnerability of children has recently been the focus of various United Nations initiatives for disaster risk reduction and is increasingly becoming the focus of local and national measures to reduce the impacts of hazards. The specific vulnerability of children and by extension the need to promote disaster awareness among children as an integral part of disaster risk-reduction strategies is an emergent theme in the disaster management fraternity. The overarching focus of these children-specific measures has been the promotion of disaster education in schools to enhance the level of awareness among school-age children. However, this new thrust towards disaster awareness among children presents a new challenge for disaster planners, especially as this relates to the development of appropriate tools and techniques for the enhancement of the disaster knowledge-base of children. The primary challenge is in the design of awareness-promotion tools that are relevant to and appropriate for the specific learning needs of children. Specifically, disaster management planners need to ensure that the information provided is appropriate to the informationassimilation capacity of children and that the appropriate tools and techniques are developed to ensure effective conveyance of information through a medium that is neither stoic nor boring. Additionally, the DAG recognizes the role of children as important information conduits in multicultural societies and thus, as an integral part of disaster mitigation strategies. Field testing of the DAG among Caribbean school-children in the Turks and Caicos Islands and St. Vincent and the Grenadines suggests that this tool is appropriate for effectively raising levels of awareness and consequent behaviour of children in disaster situations. Also, the application of the DAG in the multicultural setting of the TCI suggests that this technique can be effective in promoting impartial access to disaster education.
Description: 学位記番号:工博甲365, 学位の種類:博士(工学), 学位授与年月日:平成21年3月24日(2009)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10087/4834
Appears in Collections:学位論文

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