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(2012)第37号 >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10087/7789

Title: The Consequences of Low Fertility, Ageing, and Depopulation in Japan
Authors: BUSH, Jerre
Keywords: demographic change
labor shortage
medical care for the elderly
The Gold Plan
Long-term Care Insurance
domestic challenges
Issue Date: 28-Dec-2012
Publisher: 上武大学
Citation: 上武大学経営情報学部紀要. 2012, no.37, p.17-34
Jobu Daigaku Keiei Joho Gakubu kiyo (Bulletin of Faculty of Management Information Sciences, Jobu University). 2012, no.37, p.17-34
Abstract: Japan's modernization was late and rapid compared to other advanced nations. Industrial growth early in the 20th century brought high fertility which lasted until the end of the postwar baby boom in 1949. As a result of structural shifts in the economy, continued urbanization, and changes in the family model, fertility began to decrease in 1950 and soon leveled off at around population-replacement level. Fertility remained at this level until 1974, but the population continued to increase because people were living longer. Nineteen seventy five was a key demographic intersection point as the birthrate fell to below population-replacement level and the elderly population began a sharp rise. As the low fertility rate continues to this day, and the elderly population continues to rise, the nation will face socioeconomic consequences in the years ahead such as labor shortage, elderly health care, and domestic responsibility.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10087/7789
ISSN: 0915-5929
NII paper ID: http://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/110009486374
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