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No.25(2014) >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10087/8911

Title: 大泉町における在住外国人と地域住民(日本人)を対象として 実施した災害想定訓練の成果と課題 : 桐生大学ボランティアサークルの活動報告から
Other Titles: Effects and Related Problems of a Disaster Drill in Oizumi Town Participated by Foreign and Japanese Residents : Report of the Activities of Kiryu University Volunteer Circle
Authors: 高橋, 美砂子
丸岡, 紀子
猪野, 栞里
吉田, 静恵
加藤, 博恵
今関, 節子
Takahashi, Misako
Maruoka, Noriko
Ino, Shiori
Yoshida, Shizue
Kato, Hiroe
Imazeki, Setsuko
Keywords: 災害想定訓練
在住外国人
災害弱者
助け合い
コミュニケーション
disaster drill
foreign residents
people who will be disadvantaged in the event of a disaster
help each other
communication
Issue Date: 20-Dec-2014
Citation: 桐生大学紀要 25, 85-90, 2014-12
Abstract: 2011年3月11日に発生した東日本大震災では,多くの外国人も被災者となった.これを機に,各自治体では災 害弱者に対する避難支援体制作りが急務となった.在住外国人が町の人口の15% 以上を占める,群馬県大泉町で は,在住外国人を災害弱者としてではなく,地域の担い手としての有力な人材になってもらうため,地域住民とと もに災害想定訓練を実施することにした.桐生大学ボランティサークルの学生は,この企画に協力スタッフとして 参加し,想定訓練の運営に携わった.訓練実施後に参加した在住外国人を対象に,この訓練がどうだったか,聞き 取り調査を行った.その結果,ほとんどの人から「よかった」と回答が得られた.また,訓練を企画した主務者間 で訓練を振り返り,意見交換会を行い,そこでは,救急法などは繰り返し行うことで,いざというときの行動判断 につながることや1回だけのイベントではなくて,継続して取り組むことが重要であるといった意見が出された. また,災害時には地域住民と在住外国人が同じ地域の構成員として助け合うことが大切である.このような訓練の 経験を通して,顔見知りになり,お互いの文化や生活習慣を理解するよい機会になったことがわかった.ボラン ティサークルの学生は,このイベントの企画を通して多くのことを学んだ.また,言語的コミュニケーションの大 切さもあらためて感じた.
The victims of the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011, included a large number of foreigners living in Japan. Since then, local governments have been required to establish evacuation-support systems for people who will be disadvantaged in the event of a disaster. With the aim of training foreigners as valuable members and leaders of the community, rather than potential disaster victims, the Town of Oizumi, Gunma, in which foreign residents account for more than 15% of the total population, conducted a disaster drill in collaboration with the community residents. Students of the Kiryu University Volunteer Circle became involved in this project as support staff to operate the disaster drill. A questionnaire survey involving foreign residents who had participated in the disaster drill was conducted to ask their opinions of the drill, and the majority of them stated that it was meaningful. The organizers of the drill held a meeting to review it and exchange opinions. The meeting participants stated that they should repeatedly undergo training to learn first-aid procedures so that they can make appropriate decisions in the event of a disaster, and that it is necessary to hold such an event on a regular basis.  It is also important for Japanese and foreign residents to help each other as members of the same community in the event of a disaster. The disaster drill was a valuable opportunity for them to get to know each other and learn foreign cultures and customs through training. The students of the volunteer circle learned many things through organizing the event, including the importance of verbal communication.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10087/8911
ISSN: 21864748
Appears in Collections:No.25(2014)

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